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26 Agustus, 2012

Generic Structure and Example News Item text I

By on 17.54


     Communicative purpose :
-   Factual texts which informs events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important 
Faktual teks yang menginformasikan peristiwa hari itu yang dianggap layak diberitakan atau penting)

 Generic Structure 
  (struktur umum)

a.      Newsworhy events :
         recounts the event in summary
        (menceritakan peristiwa dalam ringkasan)
b.      Background events : 
        elaborate what happened, to whom, and in what circumstances 
        (menguraikan apa yang terjadi, kepada siapa, dan dalam keadaan apa)

c.       Source :
        comments by participants in, witnesses to and authorities expert on the event (komentar oleh peserta, saksi dan ahli pemerintah pada acara tersebut)



Linguistic features :
(gaya bahasa penulisan)
-  Short, telegraphic information about story summarized in one – sentence headline
-          Use of material or action processes to re-tell story
-          Use of projecting verbal processes in source stage
-          Focus on circumstancial meanings
-          Often dramatic use of participant structure

Example:
(contoh)


     100 million rupiah 

          An Indonesian businessman plans to throw 100 million rupiah ( US$ 10,600) out of an airplane over the capital this Sunday as a publicity stunt to promote his new book. “I want to create a rain of money in Jakarta,” author and motivator speaker Tung Desem Waringi said, “it’s a little bit crazy, but it marketing.” Police spokesman Col l Ketut Untung said authorities may not allow the plan to go forward because it could draw huge crowds and cause chaos. Ten of millions of Indonesians live on less than US$1 a day and food and aid give aways always draw large numbers. The 42-year-old Tung said instead of opting for regular advertising for his book, he came up with an idea that “will make people happy.”

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